The 22nd word of verse (40:40) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ghayn yā rā (غ ي ر). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).
The analysis above refers to the 40th
verse of chapter 40 (sūrat
Sahih International: Whoever does an evil deed will not be recompensed except by the like thereof; but whoever does righteousness, whether male or female, while he is a believer - those will enter Paradise, being given provision therein without account.
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