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Verse (40:31), Word 14 - Quranic Grammar

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The fourteenth word of verse (40:31) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (40) sūrat ghāfir (The Forgiver God)


(40:31:14)
lil'ʿibādi
for (His) slaves.
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine plural noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (40:31)

The analysis above refers to the 31st verse of chapter 40 (sūrat ghāfir):

Sahih International: Like the custom of the people of Noah and of 'Aad and Thamud and those after them. And Allah wants no injustice for [His] servants.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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