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Verse (3:84), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar

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The third word of verse (3:84) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (3) sūrat āl ʿim'rān (The Family of Imrān)


(3:84:3)
bil-lahi
in Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (3:84)

The analysis above refers to the 84th verse of chapter 3 (sūrat āl ʿim'rān):

Sahih International: Say, "We have believed in Allah and in what was revealed to us and what was revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Descendants, and in what was given to Moses and Jesus and to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [submitting] to Him."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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