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Verse (3:174), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (3:174) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The indefinite noun is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is nūn ʿayn mīm (ن ع م). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (3) sūrat āl ʿim'rān (The Family of Imrān)

with (the) Favor
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine indefinite noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (3:174)

The analysis above refers to the 174th verse of chapter 3 (sūrat āl ʿim'rān):

Sahih International: So they returned with favor from Allah and bounty, no harm having touched them. And they pursued the pleasure of Allah , and Allah is the possessor of great bounty.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds