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Verse (3:171), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (3:171) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The indefinite noun is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is nūn ʿayn mīm (ن ع م). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (3) sūrat āl ʿim'rān (The Family of Imrān)

of Favor
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine indefinite noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (3:171)

The analysis above refers to the 171st verse of chapter 3 (sūrat āl ʿim'rān):

Sahih International: They receive good tidings of favor from Allah and bounty and [of the fact] that Allah does not allow the reward of believers to be lost -

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds