The twelfth word of verse (3:154) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A circumstantial particle and noun. The connective particle wa is usually translated as "while" and is used to indicate the circumstance of events. The indefinite noun is feminine singular and is in the nominative case (مرفوع). The noun's triliteral root is ṭā wāw fā (ط و ف).
The analysis above refers to the 154th
verse of chapter 3 (sūrat
Sahih International: Then after distress, He sent down upon you security [in the form of] drowsiness, overcoming a faction of you, while another faction worried about themselves, thinking of Allah other than the truth - the thought of ignorance, saying, "Is there anything for us [to have done] in this matter?" Say, "Indeed, the matter belongs completely to Allah." They conceal within themselves what they will not reveal to you. They say, "If there was anything we could have done in the matter, some of us would not have been killed right here." Say, "Even if you had been inside your houses, those decreed to be killed would have come out to their death beds." [It was] so that Allah might test what is in your breasts and purify what is in your hearts. And Allah is Knowing of that within the breasts.
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