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Verse (3:140), Word 14 - Quranic Grammar


The fourteenth word of verse (3:140) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A supplemental particle, particle of purpose and verb. The supplemental particle wa is usually translated as "then" or "so". The prefixed particle lām is used to indicate the purpose of an action and makes the following verb subjunctive. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine singular and is in the subjunctive mood (منصوب). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م).

Chapter (3) sūrat āl ʿim'rān (The Family of Imrān)

[and] so that makes evident
SUP – prefixed supplemental particle
PRP – prefixed particle of purpose lām
V – 3rd person masculine singular imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
الواو زائدة
اللام لام التعليل
فعل مضارع منصوب

Verse (3:140)

The analysis above refers to the 140th verse of chapter 3 (sūrat āl ʿim'rān):

Sahih International: If a wound should touch you - there has already touched the [opposing] people a wound similar to it. And these days [of varying conditions] We alternate among the people so that Allah may make evident those who believe and [may] take to Himself from among you martyrs - and Allah does not like the wrongdoers -

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds