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Verse (3:110), Word 12 - Quranic Grammar

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The twelfth word of verse (3:110) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (3) sūrat āl ʿim'rān (The Family of Imrān)


(3:110:12)
bil-lahi
in Allah.
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (3:110)

The analysis above refers to the 110th verse of chapter 3 (sūrat āl ʿim'rān):

Sahih International: You are the best nation produced [as an example] for mankind. You enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong and believe in Allah. If only the People of the Scripture had believed, it would have been better for them. Among them are believers, but most of them are defiantly disobedient.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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