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Verse (3:109), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar

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The first word of verse (3:109) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A resumption particle, preposition and proper noun. The connective particle wa is usually translated as "then" or "so" and is used to indicate a sequence of events. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (3) sūrat āl ʿim'rān (The Family of Imrān)


(3:109:1)
walillahi
And to Allah (belongs)
REM – prefixed resumption particle
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
الواو استئنافية
جار ومجرور

Verse (3:109)

The analysis above refers to the 109th verse of chapter 3 (sūrat āl ʿim'rān):

Sahih International: To Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And to Allah will [all] matters be returned.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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