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Verse (3:101), Word 12 - Quranic Grammar

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The twelfth word of verse (3:101) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (3) sūrat āl ʿim'rān (The Family of Imrān)


(3:101:12)
bil-lahi
to Allah,
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (3:101)

The analysis above refers to the 101st verse of chapter 3 (sūrat āl ʿim'rān):

Sahih International: And how could you disbelieve while to you are being recited the verses of Allah and among you is His Messenger? And whoever holds firmly to Allah has [indeed] been guided to a straight path.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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