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Verse (39:7), Word 9 - Quranic Grammar

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The ninth word of verse (39:7) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). The attached possessive pronoun is third person masculine singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (39) sūrat l-zumar (The Groups)


(39:7:9)
liʿibādihi
in His slaves
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine plural noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور والهاء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (39:7)

The analysis above refers to the seventh verse of chapter 39 (sūrat l-zumar):

Sahih International: If you disbelieve - indeed, Allah is Free from need of you. And He does not approve for His servants disbelief. And if you are grateful, He approves it for you; and no bearer of burdens will bear the burden of another. Then to your Lord is your return, and He will inform you about what you used to do. Indeed, He is Knowing of that within the breasts.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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