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Verse (39:74), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (39:74) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (39) sūrat l-zumar (The Groups)

(be) to Allah,
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (39:74)

The analysis above refers to the 74th verse of chapter 39 (sūrat l-zumar):

Sahih International: And they will say, "Praise to Allah , who has fulfilled for us His promise and made us inherit the earth [so] we may settle in Paradise wherever we will. And excellent is the reward of [righteous] workers."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds