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Verse (39:52), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (39:52) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine plural and is in the jussive mood (مجزوم). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (39) sūrat l-zumar (The Groups)

they know
V – 3rd person masculine plural imperfect verb, jussive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع مجزوم والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (39:52)

The analysis above refers to the 52nd verse of chapter 39 (sūrat l-zumar):

Sahih International: Do they not know that Allah extends provision for whom He wills and restricts [it]? Indeed in that are signs for a people who believe.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds