The 22nd word of verse (39:21) is an indefinite form IX masculine singular active participle and is in the accusative case (منصوب). The active participle's triliteral root is ṣād fā rā (ص ف ر).
The analysis above refers to the 21st
verse of chapter 39 (sūrat
Sahih International: Do you not see that Allah sends down rain from the sky and makes it flow as springs [and rivers] in the earth; then He produces thereby crops of varying colors; then they dry and you see them turned yellow; then He makes them [scattered] debris. Indeed in that is a reminder for those of understanding.
Asim Iqbal 2nd
17th June, 2011
Form IX passive participle.
Translation atempt: turned pale/yellow.
Reference: A Word for Word Meaning of the Qur'an by Muhammad Mohar Ali. 30:51, 39:21 and 57:20
9th June, 2013
Form IX Active Participle .
Grammarians label such forms as active participle and for forms VII, IX and XI there is no passive participle.
Notes: Wright’s Arabic Grammar Volume 1 pages 50, 51
Verbs that express a state or condition, or signify an act which is, by its very nature, confined to the person of the subject, and cannot pass to another individual as its object مَرِضَ (as to be sick, نَامَ to sleep), are aptly called neuter verbs, since they are neither really active nor really passive, but something between the two. The Arab grammarians cannot class them otherwise than among the active verbs, and they therefore distinguish أَلْأَفْعَالُ ٱلْمُتَعَدِّيَة , transitive verbs from أَلْأَفْعَالُ غَيْرُ ٱلْمُتَعَدِّيَة, intransitive verbs, or أَلْأَفْعَالُ ٱللَّازِمَة, verbs that are confined to the subject.
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