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Verse (39:16), Word 15 - Quranic Grammar


The fifteenth word of verse (39:16) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A vocative particle, noun and possessive pronoun. The noun is masculine plural and is in the nominative case (مرفوع). The noun's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). The of the first person singular possessive pronoun has been omitted due to elision (الياء محذوفة), and is indicated by the kasrah.

Chapter (39) sūrat l-zumar (The Groups)

"O My slaves!
VOC – prefixed vocative particle ya
N – nominative masculine plural noun
PRON – 1st person singular possessive pronoun
أداة نداء
اسم مرفوع والياء المحذوفة ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (39:16)

The analysis above refers to the sixteenth verse of chapter 39 (sūrat l-zumar):

Sahih International: They will have canopies of fire above them and below them, canopies. By that Allah threatens His servants. O My servants, then fear Me.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds