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Verse (39:15), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (39:15) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A resumption particle, verb and subject pronoun. The connective particle fa is usually translated as "then" or "so" and is used to indicate a sequence of events. The imperative verb (فعل أمر) is second person masculine plural. The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (39) sūrat l-zumar (The Groups)

So worship
REM – prefixed resumption particle
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperative verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الفاء استئنافية
فعل أمر والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (39:15)

The analysis above refers to the fifteenth verse of chapter 39 (sūrat l-zumar):

Sahih International: So worship what you will besides Him." Say, "Indeed, the losers are the ones who will lose themselves and their families on the Day of Resurrection. Unquestionably, that is the manifest loss."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds