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Verse (35:42), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar

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The second word of verse (35:42) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (35) sūrat fāṭir (The Originator)


(35:42:2)
bil-lahi
by Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (35:42)

The analysis above refers to the 42nd verse of chapter 35 (sūrat fāṭir):

Sahih International: And they swore by Allah their strongest oaths that if a warner came to them, they would be more guided than [any] one of the [previous] nations. But when a warner came to them, it did not increase them except in aversion.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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