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Verse (33:5), Word 9 - Quranic Grammar

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The ninth word of verse (33:5) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is second person masculine plural and is in the jussive mood (مجزوم). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (33) sūrat l-aḥzāb (The Combined Forces)


(33:5:9)
taʿlamū
you know
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb, jussive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع مجزوم والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (33:5)

The analysis above refers to the fifth verse of chapter 33 (sūrat l-aḥzāb):

Sahih International: Call them by [the names of] their fathers; it is more just in the sight of Allah. But if you do not know their fathers - then they are [still] your brothers in religion and those entrusted to you. And there is no blame upon you for that in which you have erred but [only for] what your hearts intended. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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