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Verse (33:48), Word 11 - Quranic Grammar

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The eleventh word of verse (33:48) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (33) sūrat l-aḥzāb (The Combined Forces)


(33:48:11)
bil-lahi
And sufficient is Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (33:48)

The analysis above refers to the 48th verse of chapter 33 (sūrat l-aḥzāb):

Sahih International: And do not obey the disbelievers and the hypocrites but do not harm them, and rely upon Allah. And sufficient is Allah as Disposer of affairs.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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