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Verse (33:3), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar

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The fifth word of verse (33:3) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (33) sūrat l-aḥzāb (The Combined Forces)


(33:3:5)
bil-lahi
And Allah is sufficient
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (33:3)

The analysis above refers to the third verse of chapter 33 (sūrat l-aḥzāb):

Sahih International: And rely upon Allah ; and sufficient is Allah as Disposer of affairs.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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