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Verse (33:31), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar

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The fourth word of verse (33:31) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (33) sūrat l-aḥzāb (The Combined Forces)


(33:31:4)
lillahi
to Allah
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (33:31)

The analysis above refers to the 31st verse of chapter 33 (sūrat l-aḥzāb):

Sahih International: And whoever of you devoutly obeys Allah and His Messenger and does righteousness - We will give her her reward twice; and We have prepared for her a noble provision.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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