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Verse (33:10), Word 15 - Quranic Grammar


The fifteenth word of verse (33:10) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (33) sūrat l-aḥzāb (The Combined Forces)

about Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (33:10)

The analysis above refers to the tenth verse of chapter 33 (sūrat l-aḥzāb):

Sahih International: [Remember] when they came at you from above you and from below you, and when eyes shifted [in fear], and hearts reached the throats and you assumed about Allah [various] assumptions.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds