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Verse (31:31), Word 8 - Quranic Grammar


The eighth word of verse (31:31) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is nūn ʿayn mīm (ن ع م). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (31) sūrat luq'mān

by (the) Grace
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (31:31)

The analysis above refers to the 31st verse of chapter 31 (sūrat luq'mān):

Sahih International: Do you not see that ships sail through the sea by the favor of Allah that He may show you of His signs? Indeed in that are signs for everyone patient and grateful.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds