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Verse (31:13), Word 10 - Quranic Grammar


The tenth word of verse (31:13) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (31) sūrat luq'mān

with Allah.
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (31:13)

The analysis above refers to the thirteenth verse of chapter 31 (sūrat luq'mān):

Sahih International: And [mention, O Muhammad], when Luqman said to his son while he was instructing him, "O my son, do not associate [anything] with Allah. Indeed, association [with him] is great injustice."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds