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Verse (30:17), Word 6 - Quranic Grammar


The sixth word of verse (30:17) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The form IV imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is second person masculine plural and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is ṣād bā ḥā (ص ب ح). The verb (تصبح) belongs to a special group of words known as kāna and her sisters (كان واخواتها). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (30) sūrat l-rūm (The Romans)

you reach the morning.
V – 2nd person masculine plural (form IV) imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع من اخوات «كان» والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع اسم «تصبح»

Verse (30:17)

The analysis above refers to the seventeenth verse of chapter 30 (sūrat l-rūm):

Sahih International: So exalted is Allah when you reach the evening and when you reach the morning.

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Language Research Group
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