The tenth word of verse (2:37) is a masculine singular active participle and is in the nominative case (مرفوع). The active participle's triliteral root is tā wāw bā (ت و ب).
The analysis above refers to the 37th
verse of chapter 2 (sūrat
Sahih International: Then Adam received from his Lord [some] words, and He accepted his repentance. Indeed, it is He who is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful.
Mazhar A. Nurani
2nd May, 2011
It seems that at the moment we are not making distinction between Active Participle and صيغة المبالغة, which is another language structure designed to create a special effect.
Salam Mazhar. This sounds quite interesting. Would you happen to know what the equivalent terminology for this might be in English, for صيغة المبالغة? This will allow me to look it up in the grammar reference books. I'll also check the Arabic books I have at the same time.
In English some use Hyperbolic participle, some Intensive Active participle, Noun of Exaggeration.
It has its own specific patterns for derivation.
Thanks – I actually prefer the term intensive active participle (as used by Badawi and Haleem’s Dictionary of Quranic Usage).
I’ve now done some more research into this topic in general. At present, this website lists the derived forms of nouns and adjectives from their roots as either verbal nouns (مصدر), active participles (اسم فاعل) and passive participles (اسم مفعول). However, in reality, the situation is more complex. This web page shows seven types of derived nouns:
I’m happy to consider tagging all these different forms, but – this will be a lot of work. Is there any way we get hold of a list from somewhere, or maybe I can use the computer to work it out and "guess", based on some rules for patterns? Maybe if someone had a list of examples from the Quran for all these seven forms (the more examples the better), that might speed up the process. If no one has a list, maybe some volunteers can go through the Quran and post of the messageboard these tags for as many words as possible?
Intensive Active Participle seems more near to the special effect that this structure is designed to create.
Allah, the Exalted willing, I will keep identifying these derived nouns.
Thanks - any examples would be great.
Asim Iqbal 2nd
20th June, 2011
Salam both, yes quite interesting and very important.
If you agree to add this information by version 0.5, I would like to start on it after verbal forms, i.e. lets start weights with intensive weights 1st, as these weights are very important, like verbal forms are important, in nouns, intensive nouns are very important and like verbal forms require separate tagging , each intensive weight also requires separate tagging
1. اسم المبالغة (Intensive Nouns/Adjectives) , Note: Making 1 labeling for these will be misleading, as these have different shades of intensity, separating each intensive noun weight separately will be required, so that like in morphological search, there is option of searching II, III etc... it also gives option of searching intensive Noun weights Fa''aal, fa''ool, fu''uul, fa'laan, fu'laan, fa'eel, fa'ool etc...Intensive active participle is not recommended as sometimes it is also intensive passive participle e.g. rajeem
2. الصفة المشبهة can be added with اسم المبالغة also as additional inforemation, whether the intensive noun comes resembling faa'il or maf'ool. I mean we should not make separate tag for it and keep it with weights for now will Insha'ALLAH be done for Intensive Weights, later can be done for normal weights.
3. اسم الظرف is being marked by me already, I hope you add it in version 5.
4. اسم الآلة is also planned to be added soon Insha'ALLAH.
1 Here is the suggested method marking intensive adjectives
اسم المبالغة Intensive Adjective on the weight fa''aal, resembling active participle
2. اسم الظرف Ism e Zarf Zamaan (Form # Noun of time)/ Ism e Zarf makaan (Form # Noun of Place)
3. اسم الآلة (Noun of instrument)
4. اسم التفضيل (comparative & superlative etc. )
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