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Verse (2:34), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar

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The third word of verse (2:34) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is mīm lām kāf (م ل ك). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (2) sūrat l-baqarah (The Cow)


(2:34:3)
lil'malāikati
to the angels,
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine plural noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (2:34)

The analysis above refers to the 34th verse of chapter 2 (sūrat l-baqarah):

Sahih International: And [mention] when We said to the angels, "Prostrate before Adam"; so they prostrated, except for Iblees. He refused and was arrogant and became of the disbelievers.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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