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Verse (2:28), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar

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The third word of verse (2:28) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (2) sūrat l-baqarah (The Cow)


(2:28:3)
bil-lahi
in Allah?
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (2:28)

The analysis above refers to the 28th verse of chapter 2 (sūrat l-baqarah):

Sahih International: How can you disbelieve in Allah when you were lifeless and He brought you to life; then He will cause you to die, then He will bring you [back] to life, and then to Him you will be returned.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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