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Verse (2:284), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (2:284) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (2) sūrat l-baqarah (The Cow)

To Allah (belongs)
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (2:284)

The analysis above refers to the 284th verse of chapter 2 (sūrat l-baqarah):

Sahih International: To Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. Whether you show what is within yourselves or conceal it, Allah will bring you to account for it. Then He will forgive whom He wills and punish whom He wills, and Allah is over all things competent.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds