The fourth word of verse (2:271) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A result particle and verb. The result particle fa is usually translated as "then" or "so" and is used to indicate the result of a condition. The perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person masculine singular. The verb's triliteral root is nūn ʿayn mīm (ن ع م).
The analysis above refers to the 271st
verse of chapter 2 (sūrat
Sahih International: If you disclose your charitable expenditures, they are good; but if you conceal them and give them to the poor, it is better for you, and He will remove from you some of your misdeeds [thereby]. And Allah , with what you do, is [fully] Acquainted.
12th January, 2013
What Form is this verb? Why is the final vowel long? Or is it a verb at all?
9th February, 2013
This is a very good question, which has highlighted a very important point. Actually this word, ni'imma, consists of two morphological segments. The 'defective' verb "ni'ma" (fi'il jaamid) and the noun "ma", so originally it is "ni'ma ma" but the first "mim" has been assimilited into the second "mim" (idghaam kabeer). Defective verbs like ni'ma, laysa, 'asaa, bi'sa resemble particles in the sense that they are not like ordinary verbs which are associated with time -- past present future. So there is no perfect, imperfect or imperative forms for jaamid verbs, just one form which may be perfect or imperfect or imperative but does not carry the time-related meaning. So I suggest a a new category - فعل جامد or in English "defective" verb.
Actually, "defective" would not be a good translation of "jaamid" because it would be confused with "mu3tal" verbs -- verbs which have the letter "waw" or "ya" as a root letter. Possible translations are "inert" and "uninflected". For the moment, the Arabic portion of the analysis can be amnded to read فعل جامد بصيغة الماضي . Any suggestions for a better English rendering?
Mazhar A. Nurani
11th February, 2013
The book "Hidayah" names it as فعل المدح Verb of Praise. The word has three segments; Particle Fa, Verb of Praise-نِعمَ and مَا.
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