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Verse (2:231), Word 40 - Quranic Grammar

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The 40th word of verse (2:231) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, verb and subject pronoun. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The imperative verb (فعل أمر) is second person masculine plural. The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (2) sūrat l-baqarah (The Cow)


(2:231:40)
wa-iʿ'lamū
and know
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperative verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل أمر والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (2:231)

The analysis above refers to the 231st verse of chapter 2 (sūrat l-baqarah):

Sahih International: And when you divorce women and they have [nearly] fulfilled their term, either retain them according to acceptable terms or release them according to acceptable terms, and do not keep them, intending harm, to transgress [against them]. And whoever does that has certainly wronged himself. And do not take the verses of Allah in jest. And remember the favor of Allah upon you and what has been revealed to you of the Book and wisdom by which He instructs you. And fear Allah and know that Allah is Knowing of all things.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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