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Verse (2:191), Word 13 - Quranic Grammar

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The thirteenth word of verse (2:191) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A verb, subject pronoun and object pronoun. The form III imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is second person masculine plural and is in the jussive mood (مجزوم). The verb's triliteral root is qāf tā lām (ق ت ل). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun. The attached object pronoun is third person masculine plural.

Chapter (2) sūrat l-baqarah (The Cow)


(2:191:13)
tuqātilūhum
fight them
V – 2nd person masculine plural (form III) imperfect verb, jussive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural object pronoun
فعل مضارع مجزوم والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل و«هم» ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به

Verse (2:191)

The analysis above refers to the 191st verse of chapter 2 (sūrat l-baqarah):

Sahih International: And kill them wherever you overtake them and expel them from wherever they have expelled you, and fitnah is worse than killing. And do not fight them at al-Masjid al- îaram until they fight you there. But if they fight you, then kill them. Such is the recompense of the disbelievers.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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