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Verse (2:178), Word 12 - Quranic Grammar

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The twelfth word of verse (2:178) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (2) sūrat l-baqarah (The Cow)


(2:178:12)
bil-ʿabdi
for the slave,
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (2:178)

The analysis above refers to the 178th verse of chapter 2 (sūrat l-baqarah):

Sahih International: O you who have believed, prescribed for you is legal retribution for those murdered - the free for the free, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. But whoever overlooks from his brother anything, then there should be a suitable follow-up and payment to him with good conduct. This is an alleviation from your Lord and a mercy. But whoever transgresses after that will have a painful punishment.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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