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Verse (29:10), Word 6 - Quranic Grammar


The sixth word of verse (29:10) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (29) sūrat l-ʿankabūt (The Spider)

in Allah."
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (29:10)

The analysis above refers to the tenth verse of chapter 29 (sūrat l-ʿankabūt):

Sahih International: And of the people are some who say, "We believe in Allah ," but when one [of them] is harmed for [the cause of] Allah , they consider the trial of the people as [if it were] the punishment of Allah. But if victory comes from your Lord, they say, "Indeed, We were with you." Is not Allah most knowing of what is within the breasts of all creatures?

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds