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Verse (26:89), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar


The fifth word of verse (26:89) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The indefinite noun is feminine singular and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is qāf lām bā (ق ل ب). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (26) sūrat l-shuʿarā (The Poets)

with a heart
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine singular indefinite noun → Heart
جار ومجرور

Verse (26:89)

The analysis above refers to the 89th verse of chapter 26 (sūrat l-shuʿarā):

Sahih International: But only one who comes to Allah with a sound heart."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds