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Verse (24:8), Word 8 - Quranic Grammar

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The eighth word of verse (24:8) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (24) sūrat l-nūr (The Light)


(24:8:8)
bil-lahi
by Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (24:8)

The analysis above refers to the eighth verse of chapter 24 (sūrat l-nūr):

Sahih International: But it will prevent punishment from her if she gives four testimonies [swearing] by Allah that indeed, he is of the liars.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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