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Verse (24:53), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar

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The second word of verse (24:53) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (24) sūrat l-nūr (The Light)


(24:53:2)
bil-lahi
by Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (24:53)

The analysis above refers to the 53rd verse of chapter 24 (sūrat l-nūr):

Sahih International: And they swear by Allah their strongest oaths that if you ordered them, they would go forth [in Allah 's cause]. Say, "Do not swear. [Such] obedience is known. Indeed, Allah is Acquainted with that which you do."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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