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Verse (24:47), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar

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The third word of verse (24:47) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (24) sūrat l-nūr (The Light)


(24:47:3)
bil-lahi
in Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (24:47)

The analysis above refers to the 47th verse of chapter 24 (sūrat l-nūr):

Sahih International: But the hypocrites say, "We have believed in Allah and in the Messenger, and we obey"; then a party of them turns away after that. And those are not believers.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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