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Verse (20:77), Word 7 - Quranic Grammar

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The seventh word of verse (20:77) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). The attached possessive pronoun is first person singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (20) sūrat ṭā hā


(20:77:7)
biʿibādī
with My slaves
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine plural noun
PRON – 1st person singular possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور والياء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (20:77)

The analysis above refers to the 77th verse of chapter 20 (sūrat ṭā hā):

Sahih International: And We had inspired to Moses, "Travel by night with My servants and strike for them a dry path through the sea; you will not fear being overtaken [by Pharaoh] nor be afraid [of drowning]."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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