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Verse (19:82), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar

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The third word of verse (19:82) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). The attached possessive pronoun is third person masculine plural. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (19) sūrat maryam (Mary)


(19:82:3)
biʿibādatihim
their worship (of them)
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور و«هم» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (19:82)

The analysis above refers to the 82nd verse of chapter 19 (sūrat maryam):

Sahih International: No! Those "gods" will deny their worship of them and will be against them opponents [on the Day of Judgement].

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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