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Verse (18:44), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (18:44) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (18) sūrat l-kahf (The Cave)

(is) from Allah
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (18:44)

The analysis above refers to the 44th verse of chapter 18 (sūrat l-kahf):

Sahih International: There the authority is [completely] for Allah , the Truth. He is best in reward and best in outcome.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds