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Verse (18:16), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar

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The fourth word of verse (18:16) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine plural and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (18) sūrat l-kahf (The Cave)


(18:16:4)
yaʿbudūna
they worship
V – 3rd person masculine plural imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (18:16)

The analysis above refers to the sixteenth verse of chapter 18 (sūrat l-kahf):

Sahih International: [The youths said to one another], "And when you have withdrawn from them and that which they worship other than Allah , retreat to the cave. Your Lord will spread out for you of His mercy and will prepare for you from your affair facility."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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