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Verse (18:12), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (18:12) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A particle of purpose and verb. The prefixed particle lām is used to indicate the purpose of an action and makes the following verb subjunctive. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is first person plural and is in the subjunctive mood (منصوب). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م).

Chapter (18) sūrat l-kahf (The Cave)

that We make evident
PRP – prefixed particle of purpose lām
V – 1st person plural imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
اللام لام التعليل
فعل مضارع منصوب

Verse (18:12)

The analysis above refers to the twelfth verse of chapter 18 (sūrat l-kahf):

Sahih International: Then We awakened them that We might show which of the two factions was most precise in calculating what [extent] they had remained in time.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds