The seventh word of verse (17:83) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, active participle and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The active participle is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The active participle's triliteral root is jīm nūn bā (ج ن ب). The attached possessive pronoun is third person masculine singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).
The analysis above refers to the 83rd
verse of chapter 17 (sūrat
Sahih International: And when We bestow favor upon the disbeliever, he turns away and distances himself; and when evil touches him, he is ever despairing.
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