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Verse (17:53), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar

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The second word of verse (17:53) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). The attached possessive pronoun is first person singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (17) sūrat l-isrā (The Night Journey)


(17:53:2)
liʿibādī
to My slaves
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine plural noun
PRON – 1st person singular possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور والياء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (17:53)

The analysis above refers to the 53rd verse of chapter 17 (sūrat l-isrā):

Sahih International: And tell My servants to say that which is best. Indeed, Satan induces [dissension] among them. Indeed Satan is ever, to mankind, a clear enemy.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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