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Verse (17:30), Word 10 - Quranic Grammar

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The tenth word of verse (17:30) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). The attached possessive pronoun is third person masculine singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (17) sūrat l-isrā (The Night Journey)


(17:30:10)
biʿibādihi
of His slaves
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine plural noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور والهاء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (17:30)

The analysis above refers to the 30th verse of chapter 17 (sūrat l-isrā):

Sahih International: Indeed, your Lord extends provision for whom He wills and restricts [it]. Indeed He is ever, concerning His servants, Acquainted and Seeing.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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