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Verse (17:1), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar

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The fourth word of verse (17:1) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). The attached possessive pronoun is third person masculine singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (17) sūrat l-isrā (The Night Journey)


(17:1:4)
biʿabdihi
His servant
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور والهاء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (17:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 17 (sūrat l-isrā):

Sahih International: Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from al-Masjid al-haram to al-Masjid al- Aq§a, whose surroundings We have blessed, to show him of Our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Seeing.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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