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Verse (16:98), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar


The fifth word of verse (16:98) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (16) sūrat l-naḥl (The Bees)

in Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (16:98)

The analysis above refers to the 98th verse of chapter 16 (sūrat l-naḥl):

Sahih International: So when you recite the Qur'an, [first] seek refuge in Allah from Satan, the expelled [from His mercy].

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds