The sixteenth word of verse (16:72) is divided into 4 morphological segments. An interrogative alif, supplemental particle, preposition and active participle. The prefixed alif is an interrogative particle used to form a question and is usually translated as "is", "are", or "do". The supplemental particle fa is usually translated as "then" or "so". The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The active participle is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The active participle's triliteral root is bā ṭā lām (ب ط ل). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).
The analysis above refers to the 72nd
verse of chapter 16 (sūrat
Sahih International: And Allah has made for you from yourselves mates and has made for you from your mates sons and grandchildren and has provided for you from the good things. Then in falsehood do they believe and in the favor of Allah they disbelieve?
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