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Verse (16:106), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (16:106) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (16) sūrat l-naḥl (The Bees)

in Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (16:106)

The analysis above refers to the 106th verse of chapter 16 (sūrat l-naḥl):

Sahih International: Whoever disbelieves in Allah after his belief... except for one who is forced [to renounce his religion] while his heart is secure in faith. But those who [willingly] open their breasts to disbelief, upon them is wrath from Allah , and for them is a great punishment;

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds